The Complete Works of Flavius Josephus

(Translations and footnotes by William Whiston, 1737)
Roman Bust of Flavius Josephus
Roman Bust of Flavius Josephus

(From Wikipedia) Titus Flavius Josephus, born Joseph ben Matityahu, was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer, who was born in Jerusalem—then part of Roman Judea—to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry.

He initially fought against the Romans during the First Jewish–Roman War as head of Jewish forces in Galilee, until surrendering in 67 CE to Roman forces led by Vespasian after the six-week siege of Jotapata. Josephus claimed the Jewish Messianic prophecies that initiated the First Roman-Jewish War made reference to Vespasian becoming Emperor of Rome. In response Vespasian decided to keep Josephus as a slave and interpreter. After Vespasian became Emperor in 69 CE, he granted Josephus his freedom, at which time Josephus assumed the emperor’s family name of Flavius.

Flavius Josephus fully defected to the Roman side and was granted Roman citizenship. He became an advisor and friend of Vespasian’s son Titus, serving as his translator when Titus led the Siege of Jerusalem, which resulted—when the Jewish revolt did not surrender—in the city’s destruction and the looting and destruction of Herod’s Temple (Second Temple).

Josephus recorded Jewish history, with special emphasis on the first century CE and the First Jewish–Roman War, including the Siege of Masada. His most important works were The Jewish War (c. 75) and Antiquities of the Jews (c. 94). The Jewish War recounts the Jewish revolt against Roman occupation (66–70). Antiquities of the Jews recounts the history of the world from a Jewish perspective for an ostensibly Roman audience. These works provide valuable insight into first century Judaism and the background of Early Christianity.


The War of the Jews

Preface
Book 1 — From the Taking of Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes to the Death of Herod the Great
Book 2 — From the Death of Herod till Vespasian was sent to subdue the Jews by Nero
Book 3 — From Vespasian’s coming to Subdue the Jews to the Taking of Gamala
Book 4 — From the Siege of Gamala to the Coming of Titus to besiege Jerusalem
Book 5 — From the Coming of Titus to besiege Jerusalem to the Great Extremity to which the Jews were reduced
Book 6 — From the Great Extremity to which the Jews were reduced to the taking of Jerusalem by Titus
Book 7 — From the Taking of Jerusalem by Titus to the Sedition of the Jews at Cyrene


Antiquities of the Jews

Preface
Book 1 — From Creation to the Death of Isaac
Book 2 — From the Death of Isaac to the Exodus out of Egypt
Book 3 — From the Exodus out of Ehypt to the Rejection of the Generation
Book 4 — From the Rejection of that Generation to the Death of Moses
Book 5 — From the Death of Moses to the Death of Eli
Book 6 — From the Death of Eli to the Death of Saul
Book 7 — From the Death of Saul to the Death of David
Book 8 — From the Death of David to the Death of Ahab
Book 9 — From the Death of Ahab to the Captivity of the Ten Tribes
Book 10 — From the Captivity of the Ten Tribes to the First Year of Cyrus
Book 11 — From the First Year of Cyrus to the Death of Alexander the Great
Book 12 — From the Death of Alexander the Great to the Death of Judas Maccabeus
Book 13 — From the Death of Judas Maccabeus to the Death of Queen Alexandra
Book 14 — From the Death of Queen Alexandra to the Death of Antigonus
Book 15 — From the Death of Antigonus to the Finishing of the Temple by Herod
Book 16 — From the Finishing of the Temple by Herod to the Death of Alexander and Aristobulus
Book 17 — From the Death of Alexander and Aristobulus to the Banishment of Archelaus
Book 18 — From the Banishment of Archelaus to the Departure of the Jews from Babylon
Book 19 — From the Departure of the Jews from Babylon to FAdus the Roman Procurator
Book 20 — From Fadus the Procurator to Florus


The Life of Flavius Josephus

(an Autobiography)

Josephus’s Discourse to the Greeks Concerning Hades


Flavius Josephus Against Apion

Book 1
Book 2